Where there’s a Will … theres a way to distort the truth

And George Will will.


Apparently George Will didn’t like president Obama mentioning climate change in his inauguration address, pointing to the threat of “raging fires,” “crippling drought” and “more powerful storms” (the “scare quotes” are Will’s). And how, you wonder, will Will dismiss these threats? In his editorial in the Washington Post, he starts with “raging fires” by saying:


Are fires raging now more than ever? (There were a third fewer U.S. wildfires in 2012 than in 2006.)

Here’s a clue for those who want to know the truth of the matter rather than George Will’s “spin.” When you hear a phrase like “a third fewer U.S. wildfires in 2012 than in 2006,” you know you’re being played for a sucker.

According to the National Interagency Fire Center (NIFC), there were 96,385 wildland fires in 2006 but only 67,315 in 2012 (through Dec. 20th). The 2012 count is less by 30.1%, which is close enough to a third, I’ve got no complaint about that.

But I do have two complaints. First, which is worse: 10 fires that destroy 1 home each, or a single fire that consumes 100 homes? You know the answer. The number of fires is a poor indicator of fire trouble, it’s the total acres burned that tells the story.

Second, comparing this year to a single year from the past — and a cherry-picked one at that — is either dishonest, amazingly stupid, or both. You make the call.

Let’s look at acres burned. Let’s look at all the data available from NIFC:

acres

All of a sudden George Will’s “a third fewer U.S. wildfires in 2012 than in 2006″ seems like a blatantly misleading indicator. That’s because it is a blatantly misleading indicator. The 2012 tally of acres burned is one of the highest on record. And even if it weren’t there is still an evident trend. Remember trend?

The trend is up — average acres burned by wildfire has more than doubled in the U.S. in just a few decades. But George Will will have you believe that there isn’t any problem at all.

And if there is, will Will admit it’s anything to do with climate change? Will will not. He adds this for good bad measure:


Are the number and severity of fires determined by climate change rather than forestry and land-use practices?

First of all, Georgy boy, you must think we’re idiots if you believe we’ll buy into that either/or dichotomy. Second, and most important, climate change is a huge factor in the change in wildfire risk here in the U.S. At least that’s what the actual science says. When Westerling et al. studied the question quite specifically, they concluded what I reported a while ago:


They make it quite clear that their study indicates it’s not just land-use changes, ecological factors, and fuels management that have led to what they call the “sudden” and “marked” increase in wildfire activity. In fact, they note the greatest increases in their data are in regions which are not greatly affected by these factors. They point to the culprit as increased spring and summer temperatures and an earlier spring snowmelt. And the cause for these is clear: global warming.

Perhaps George Will doesn’t know the truth of the matter. I’ll lay odds that he doesn’t care to know the truth. That won’t stop him from pretending to, so he can push his agenda. Even if he does know the truth, he doesn’t care to admit it.

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32 responses to “Where there’s a Will … theres a way to distort the truth

  1. Horatio Algeranon

    Great title!

    Very inspirational

    “If there’s a Will, there’s a way”
    — Horatio Algeranon channels Tamino

    If there’s a Will, there’s a way
    To distort the truth
    If there’s a George, with a sway
    That Will be proof

    If there’s a cherry, there’s a pick
    To make it so
    If there’s a Will, there’s a trick
    That George Will show

    • Horatio, please do me a favor–and Tamino, if you wish, after this missive gets to Horatio, feel free to delete it–but I cannot otherwise find a way to contact you, and I NEED a song written..;) Drop me a line at harwig57 at gmail dot com.

  2. When I first saw this in my RSS feed, I thought it was Dog House Riley, the usual George F’ing Will correction and thrashing machine. How refreshing to have someone else take this old lying sack to task.

  3. Susan Anderson

    You might also look at the international incidence. I’m not sure how this plays out, but certainly there’s been an increase in Siberian wildfires (many of which are so inaccessible a count may be problematical) and a lot of smoke made its way to the northwest, affecting air quality. Then there’s Australia … the Mediterranean. If I were a good girl with time on my hands I’d take a look at Earth Observatory. I have a feeling the overall picture is rather daunting.

    This, for a start:

    http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/GlobalMaps/view.php?d1=MOD14A1_M_FIRE

    This, while local, is rather fascinating (Siberian expedition). I can’t help thinking the Arctic fires have disproportionate dangers, as does the disappearance of large swathes of the huge Amazon rainforest, much of it due to development and exploitation.

    http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/blogs/fromthefield/category/siberia-2012-embenchime-river-expedition/page/3/

  4. If George Will was Australian, he would probably have said: ‘this was only one fire – no worries':

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2003_Eastern_Victorian_alpine_bushfires

    (WAW followers would no doubt say it was the greenies fault, they should have chopped down all the trees.)

  5. The question for you Tamino is, if fake skeptic GW deserves your attention.

    But thanks for the post, as always!

    Alex

  6. Douglas Barnes

    Oh come on! It’s his job to write ridiculous claptrap.

  7. I have read Will’s climate columns over the years. He appears not to understand science, math, or statistics. It’s hard to tell if he’s dishonest, ignorant, or both. He’s at least one of them.

    • Will could have done a 2 minute Google search to get an answer to this. He is either profoundly and willfully ignorant or as dumb as a box of rocks. Being a geologist I know exactly how dumb a box of rocks are. PFD.

  8. Will is an idiot. Why any newspaper carries his columns is a mystery to me. On the eve of this past election, he was predicting a Romney electoral landslide that included Minnesota. If I was so piss-poor at my job, I wouldn’t be able to keep it. Is there some sort of “affirmative action” (in the worst sense of the word) for conservative commentators?

    • Lars Karlsson

      “Will is an idiot. Why any newspaper carries his columns is a mystery to me.”

      Easy: because they have idiot readers!

    • Newspapers want to provide “balance” on their editorial page. It’s extremely difficult to find conservative pundits in the US these days who understand (or, at least, accept, in public) science so they’re stuck with the likes of George Will. Who doesn’t really understand baseball, either.

  9. I wonder whether Will notices that the years he cherry picks are suspiciously similar (98/99, 05/06) whenever he writes one of these stories regardless of whether he’s writing about temperature (no global warming since people graduating college entere Kindergarten! etc) or a phenomena he’s claiming is unrelated.

    Also, it would be useful to pair your plot here with a similarly scaled plot of lower-48 temperatures.

  10. is the trend significant?

    • Did you RTFA?
      “The trend is up — average acres burned by wildfire has more than doubled in the U.S. in just a few decades.”

      • But is it significant? If I plot the data in Excel the r2 for a linear trend is below .2. One thing I’ve learned from this blog though is I know next to nothing about statistics. So, is the trend significant?

        [Response: First: r^2 is NOT an indicator of statistical significance. Second: the trend is not linear. Third: even the *linear* trend is statistically significant.]

  11. My guess would be that Will is parroting information spoon-fed to him over lunch or via e-mail with a buddy from a right wing think tank. I thought this was a doozy, “Obama’s vow to adjust Earth’s thermostat followed the report that 2012 was the hottest year on record in the contiguous 48 states …although 2012 was 2.13 degrees Fahrenheit hotter than 2011, 2008, in the contiguous U.S., was two degrees cooler than 2006. And 2000, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2011 were all cooler than 1998 by a larger margin than 2012 was hotter than 1998.” With incisive logic like that, who needs facts. Here are the relevant US and Global temperature graphs:

    http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/national/2012/13/supplemental/page-2/

  12. Another point is that despite all the advances in communications, firefighting, use of aircraft etc, the area burned by wildfires keeps growing.

    Big fires used to occur about once every fifty years in Victoria (Australia) (eg 1939 fires, then the Ash Wednesday fires in 1983. Since 2000 it’s about every three years – 2003, 2006, 2009 – and a fairly decent burn going at the moment, though not as bad as those three at this stage.

    Same with floods – eg SE Queensland had a big flood in the 1970s. It’s now happening almost every year and the precipitation intensity keeps breaking new records.

    • Good point. In the last week I have heard comments from both firefighters and flood victims (in oz) that they are far better prepared than previous disasters, The firefighters said they are now much more prepared to spot and put out the fires while they are small, and the previous QLD floods have lead to earlier warnings to citizens. Not sure these advances are factored into scientific papers (which is fair enough because they are hard to quantify, but the effect is that we are likely to underestimate the increase in such threats).

  13. Just a note about data represented in the graph above (US Wildland Fires). I believe that the data source is here: http://www.nifc.gov/fireInfo/fireInfo_stats_totalFires.html

    There is a cautionary comment at the bottom of the chart:

    “The National Interagency Coordination Center at NIFC compiles annual wildland fire statistics for federal and state agencies. This information is provided through Situation Reports, which have been in use for several decades. Prior to 1983, sources of these figures are not known, or cannot be confirmed, and were not derived from the current situation reporting process. As a result the figures above prior to 1983 shouldn’t be compared to later data.”

    [Response: Good to know. Also worth noting: omit all data prior to 1983 and there's still a trend, strongly statistically significant.]

  14. I’d say Will regards himself as a stalwart defender of Liberty and the Free Market, against reality’s well-known liberal bias. I doubt he knows many principled scientists well. In his world, rhetoric makes reality, and he’ll keep up the rhetoric until Freedom wins.

  15. Will argues by leaving a resonant question unanswered. Isn’t that the strongest indicator you know of someone being a wife-beater?

  16. If I do a simple linear regression of acres burned vs. year for 1983 to current (using data from the link provided by Diana Prechter) I get an R^2 of about 0.48 and a P-value of <0.0001 (used JMP from SAS Institute for the analysis). "Strongly statistically significant" does indeed seem to apply to this trend.
    Similar analysis of # of fires vs. year is much less significant, and loses significance (P = 0.58) with elimination of 1983 and 1984 (numbers seem unusually low for those two years relative to what immediately follows). The regression of acres burned vs. year remains significant (R^2 about 0.41, P = 0.0003) with elimination of those two years.